Born in Ukraine

Pylyp Orlyk (1672–1742) was a hetman of Ukraine, an outstanding state and political figure, humanist and democrat, a true patriot and, most importantly, the author of the first Ukrainian Constitution (1710), which made it into history as “The Constitution of the Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporizhya Host”.


Mykhailo Hrushevsky (1866–1934) lived in a time of many historic events, not only in Ukraine, but the world. The First World War, then the Revolution and Civil War on the territory of the former Russian Empire, emigration and return. That’s how turbulent his life was. He distinguished himself as a prominent historian, publicist and political figure.


Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595–1657) is both the most outstanding and most controversial figure in Ukrainian history. His name is associated with the events of the War of Liberation of the Ukrainian people against the Rzeczpospolita (modern-day Poland) and the creation of the Hetmanate – the Cossack state. Yet, most debates regarding Khmelnytsky are the result of his decision to come under Moscow’s protectorate.