The history of the Ukrainian medicine began in the XI century AD. Already then at monasteries, temples and church arrivals the shelters rendering all necessary help to those who needed it were created. Three eyelids later in Ukraine there were also first hospitals.


Monetary unit of Ukraine is the hryvnia. One hryvnia is an equivalent of hundred metal kopeks. Face values of the Ukrainian metallic currency: 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 kopeks and 1 hryvnia. Paper hryvnias happen face value 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 hryvnias.


Trident (tryzub). The official coat of arms of Ukraine is a golden trident against an azure background... And even more information about Ukraine.


There are public and private mass media in Ukraine. The share of non-public television and radio broadcasting stands at over 96%. According to data from the Ministry of Statistics of Ukraine, more than 30,000 state registration certificates have been issued to various print media to date. According to estimates by the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, over 5,300 periodical titles are published. With the development of information technologies and the advent of the Internet, many independent Internet publications have appeared.


Language is a reflection of a people’s soul, because through a language one can find out about many features of the development and formation of those people. Unfortunately, during their history, Ukrainians have been deprived of the possibility to fully study and develop their native language. Subordination to the authority of the states of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita), and the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires led not only to a denial by these countries’ historians of the existence of Ukrainians as an ethnos, but also to relegating the Ukrainian language to the status of a dialect.



Outstanding events, memorable dates that bear national values, and special historical or sociopolitical significance are commemorated in Ukraine as state holidays and are official days off.


Ukraine’s religious life is represented by 55 religious confessions within the framework of which there are 34,000 religious organizations; namely 32,500 religious communities, 82 centers, 246 administrations, 420 monasteries, 333 missions, 74 brotherhoods, 192 religious educational establishments, and 12,700 Sunday schools.

There are 29,400 clergymen in Ukraine. The number of religious printed mass media is constantly increasing and at present constitutes 383 publications.

For public worship, religious organizations use 22,000 religious buildings, or buildings adapted for purposes of worship.


During Ukraine’s entire history, its territory has also been populated by other peoples, in addition to its indigenous population of Ukrainians. Their settlement was a result of historical events: wars, migration, forced relocation of populations, and natural and social calamities on the territories of other countries. Those very processes formed a bright picture of a multinational state, which Ukraine is today.


Ukraine is a unitary state. This means that governance of the country is carried out from one center, the capital; a single Constitution is in force for the entire territory of the country; there is a single system of the highest bodies of authority and there is a single legal framework. However, each of the administrative-territorial units has its governing bodies within a given authority.


Ukraine is a Central Eastern European country located between 52°20′ and 44°20′ north latitude and 22°5' and 41°15' east longitude. The capital city of Ukraine is Kyiv.