Historical Figures

Mikheil Saakashvili - Georgian politician and the statesman. Held a post of the president of Georgia of c on January 25, 2004 till the November 25, 2007, one of leaders «revolutions of roses» as a result of which Edward Shevardnadze was detached from the power.


Igor Sikorsky — the Russian and American aircraft designer, the scientist, the inventor, the philosopher who is a founder first-ever: four-motor plane «Russian hero», passenger plane "Ilya Muromets", transatlantic hydroplane and serial helicopter of the one-screw scheme.


Elmar Magerram Mamedjyarov — the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan since 2004.


Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov — the Soviet scientist, the designer and the organizer of production of space-rocket equipment and the rocket USSR weapon, the founder of practical astronautics.


The name of Mazepa is widely known in the world culture through the immortal art, literature and music of the 18-th and later centuries masters. In the West he has an image of a legendary, almost a fairy-tale figure of a romantic lover and a passionate fighter for freedom. Victor Hugo composed a poem to his honor that had caused quite a ripple among then European literati. Voltaire devoted to him a big part of his essay on Carl XII. And Lord Byron wrote a fantastic poem where he idealized Mazepa as a romantic Prometheus-like hero.


Pylyp Orlyk (1672–1742) was a hetman of Ukraine, an outstanding state and political figure, humanist and democrat, a true patriot and, most importantly, the author of the first Ukrainian Constitution (1710), which made it into history as “The Constitution of the Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporizhya Host”.


Mykhailo Hrushevsky (1866–1934) lived in a time of many historic events, not only in Ukraine, but the world. The First World War, then the Revolution and Civil War on the territory of the former Russian Empire, emigration and return. That’s how turbulent his life was. He distinguished himself as a prominent historian, publicist and political figure.


Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595–1657) is both the most outstanding and most controversial figure in Ukrainian history. His name is associated with the events of the War of Liberation of the Ukrainian people against the Rzeczpospolita (modern-day Poland) and the creation of the Hetmanate – the Cossack state. Yet, most debates regarding Khmelnytsky are the result of his decision to come under Moscow’s protectorate.